Tag Archives: Nobel Prizes

Nobel prize-winning physicist Steven Weinberg dies at 88

[ad_1]

Physicist Steven Weinberg, the 1979 winner of the Nobel prize in physics with two different scientists for his or her work unlocking mysteries of tiny particles, has died at 88

Physicist Steven Weinberg, who received the Nobel prize in 1979 with two different scientists for his or her separate contributions unlocking mysteries of tiny particles and their electromagnetic interplay, has died at 88, the College of Texas at Austin mentioned Saturday.

A professor on the college because the 1980s, Weinberg died Friday in Austin, Texas, in keeping with his spouse Louise, mentioned UT spokesperson Christine Sinatra. The physicist had been hospitalized for a number of weeks, however a reason behind dying was not launched, in keeping with Sinatra.

“The passing of Steven Weinberg is a loss for The College of Texas and for society,” UT President Jay Hartzell mentioned in an announcement.

“Professor Weinberg unlocked the mysteries of the universe for hundreds of thousands of individuals, enriching humanity’s idea of nature and our relationship to the world,” Hartzell added.

In 1979, Weinberg shared the Nobel prize in physics with scientists Abdus Salam and Sheldon Lee Glashow. Their work improved the understanding of how the whole lot within the universe relates, in keeping with a UT assertion.

The work helped physicists unify two of the 4 forces of nature, subatomic forces referred to as nuclear forces, mentioned Sean Carroll, a theoretical physicist on the California Institute of Know-how.

“It’s all about understanding the legal guidelines of nature at a deep degree. We’re curious creatures and we need to know the way the universe round us works,” Carroll mentioned.

Weinberg’s work constructed on the work of Albert Einstein, in keeping with Columbia College string concept physicist Brian Greene.

“The thought was that each one forces of nature may really be the identical drive … it was this dream Einstein had, that all of it is likely to be entire,” Greene mentioned. “He drove this concept ahead. He pushed this concept ahead by displaying (two forces) have been the identical drive.”

Weinberg, Salam and Glashow — working individually — have been honored “for his or her contributions to the idea of the unified weak and electromagnetic interplay between elementary particles, together with … the prediction of the weak impartial present,” in keeping with the Nobel Prize web site.

A New York native, Weinberg was a researcher at Columbia College and the College of California, Berkeley, earlier in his profession. He then served on the school of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Know-how earlier than becoming a member of the UT college in 1982, instructing each physics and astronomy.

Weinberg is survived by his spouse and a daughter. Funeral companies weren’t introduced.

[ad_2]

Supply hyperlink

The Newest: Oxygen performs main half in lots of ailments

[ad_1]

The Newest on the Nobel Prize in Drugs or Physiology (all occasions native):

1:15 p.m.

A member of the Nobel Committee at Sweden’s Karolinska Institutet says this yr’s award was given for “a elementary primary science discovery about how the physique adapts to totally different ranges of oxygen.”

Nils-Goran Larsson informed The Related Press that though we’re surrounded by oxygen “we now have to adapt to totally different oxygen ranges — as an example if we begin dwelling at increased altitude we now have to adapt and get extra purple blood cells, extra blood vessels, and likewise in numerous illness processes the regulation of oxygen and the metabolism is essential.”

Larsson says “folks with renal failure typically get hormonal therapy for anemia. With this discovery system there are alternative routes of doing this and creating comparable therapies.”

The 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Drugs was earlier within the day given collectively to medics William G. Kaelin, Jr., Peter Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza for his or her analysis into how cells reply to ranges of oxygen.

———

1:05 p.m.

The Johns Hopkins College Faculty of Drugs is celebrating one in all its high researchers, Dr. Gregg Semenza, who shares this yr’s Nobel Prize for drugs for his work on how genes reply to low ranges of oxygen.

Semenza’s dean, Paul B. Rothman, says his “groundbreaking primary analysis has been impressed largely by what he has seen within the clinic” at Hopkins. The college says that work has “far-reaching implications in understanding the impacts of low oxygen ranges in blood issues, blinding eye ailments, most cancers, diabetes, coronary artery illness, and different situations.”

The 63-year-old Semenza shares the award with William G. Kaelin Jr., professor of drugs at Harvard College and the Dana-Farber Most cancers Institute who did his specialist coaching in inner drugs and oncology at Johns Hopkins, and Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe, professor at Oxford College and on the Francis Crick Institute.

Johns Hopkins College President Ronald J. Daniels calls it a momentous day, and says they’re immensely happy with Semenza’s ardour for discovery, an instance of the college’s dedication to creating new information that helps make a greater and extra humane world.

———

1 p.m.

Reached at his house within the Boston space, Kaelin stated he was half-asleep when his cellphone rang at 4:50 a.m.

“I used to be conscious as a scientist that in case you get a cellphone name at 5 a.m. with too many digits, it is generally excellent information, and my coronary heart began racing. It was all a bit surreal,” he stated.

Kaelin, who was born within the New York Metropolis borough of Queens and grew up within the metropolis’s suburbs, stated the prize committee had initially been unable to seek out his cellphone quantity so that they first reached his sister, “and that may develop into a part of the household lore.”

Kaelin stated he is not positive but how he’ll spend the prize cash however “clearly I will attempt to put it to some good trigger.”

Requested what sensible payoffs have been achieved from his work, Kaelin defined that “the molecular pathway that my fellow prize winners and I helped to outline converges on a protein known as HIF, and on account of this work there are actually alternatives to both enhance or lower HIF.”

He stated medicine are being developed to do this. Sure ailments like anemia could be handled by rising HIF, whereas inhibiting that protein may assist with different ailments together with sure cancers.

———

12:50 p.m.

Dr. Andrew Murray of the College of Cambridge says the three winners of the Nobel prize in drugs “revealed the elegant mechanisms by which our cells sense oxygen ranges and reply to fluctuations.

In a press release on Monday, Murray stated that hypoxia — when the physique does not have sufficient oxygen — is a attribute of quite a few ailments together with coronary heart failure, power lung illness and plenty of cancers.

He stated the work of Dr. William G. Kaelin Jr, Dr. Gregg Semenza and Dr. Peter Ratcliffe has “paved the best way to better understanding of those frequent, life-threatening situations and new methods to deal with them.”

12:15 p.m.

The 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Drugs was given collectively to William G. Kaelin Jr, who was born in 1957 in New York Metropolis and is a professor of drugs at Harvard College; Peter Ratcliffe, 65, of the College of Oxford; and 63-year-old Gregg L. Semenza on the Johns Hopkins College Faculty of Drugs.

The trio was given the award collectively for his or her discoveries of “how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability,” the Nobel Committee introduced Monday.

Thomas Perlmann, the secretary of the Nobel Committee on the Sweden’s Karolinska Instititute, stated he was capable of name the three laureates Monday, including the final one he known as was Kaelin. He reached him through his sister who gave him two cellphone numbers — the primary one was a incorrect quantity however he reached Kaelin on the second.

“He was actually completely satisfied,” Perlmann informed a information convention.

———

11:30 a.m.

The 2019 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Drugs has been awarded to scientists William G. Kaelin, Jr, Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza.

They obtained the award collectively for his or her discoveries of “how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability,” the Nobel Committee introduced Monday.

It’s the 110th prize within the class that has been awarded since 1901.

The Karolinska Institutet stated in a press release the trio ought to share equally the 9 million kronor ($918,000) money award.

The discoveries made by the three males “have elementary significance for physiology and have paved the best way for promising new methods to battle anemia, most cancers and plenty of different ailments.”

———

8:30 a.m.

The winners of this yr’s Nobel Prizes are to be introduced over the following week, to incorporate two literature laureates and the coveted Nobel Peace Prize.

Occasions start Monday with the award for physiology or drugs. The physics prize is handed out Tuesday and the next day is the chemistry prize.

This yr’s double-header Literature Prizes will likely be awarded Thursday and the Peace Prize will likely be introduced on Friday.

The economics prize — formally generally known as the Financial institution of Sweden Prize in Financial Sciences in Reminiscence of Alfred Nobel — will likely be awarded on Oct. 14.

The 2018 literature prize was suspended after a scandal rocked the Swedish Academy. The physique plans to award it this yr, together with saying the 2019 laureate.

———

Learn extra tales on the 2019 Nobel Prizes by The Related Press at https://www.apnews.com/NobelPrizes

[ad_2]

Supply hyperlink