Tag Archives: Employment / Unemployment

On the spot View: U.S. September payrolls decrease than anticipated, jobless fee drops

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(Reuters) – U.S. job progress elevated reasonably in September, with the unemployment fee dropping to close a 50-year low of three.5%, which might assuage monetary market issues that the slowing economic system was on the point of a recession amid lingering commerce tensions.

KEY POINTS:

* Sept nonfarm payrolls +136,000 (consensus +145,000) vs Aug +168,000 (prev +130,000), July +166,000 (prev +159,000)

* Sept labor pressure participation fee 63.2 pct vs Aug 63.2 pct (prev 63.2 pct)

* Sept jobless fee 3.5 pct (consensus 3.7 pct) vs Aug 3.7 pct (prev 3.7 pct)

* Common hourly earnings all non-public employees unchanged (cons +0.Three pct) vs Aug +0.four pct (prev +0.four pct)

* Sept U-6 underemployment fee 6.9 pct vs Aug 7.2 pct (prev 7.2 pct)

* Sept non-public sector jobs +114,000 (cons +133,000), vs Aug +122,000 (prev +96,000)

* Authorities jobs +22,000 vs Aug +46,000 (prev +34,000)

MARKET REACTION:

STOCKS: S&P e-mini futures ESv1 flip barely larger and have been final up 0.18%, pointing to flat to barely larger open

BONDS: Treasury yields rose barely; 2- 12 months US2YT=RR at 1.4237% and 10-year US10YT=RR at 1.5477%

FOREX: The greenback index .DXY reversed slight losses and was about 0.05% larger

COMMENTS:

SHAWN SNYDER, HEAD OF INVESTMENT STRATEGY, CITI PERSONAL WEALTH MANAGEMENT, NEW YORK  

“Anytime you see the unemployment fee fall Wall Avenue goes to suppose it’s good.”

“Traders are on excessive alert for indicators of a recession … It doesn’t affirm the story. Optimistic payroll shouldn’t be in line with a recession.”

“It’s type of a goldilocks report. It’s not sturdy sufficient to maneuver the Federal reserve away from chopping charges on the finish of October however it’s not weak sufficient to make you involved concerning the labor market or the patron.”

SHAUN OSBORNE, CHIEF FX STRATEGIST, SCOTIABANK, TORONTO:

    “The quantity got here simply shy of expectations, however provided that market expectations have shifted after the ADP and ISM numbers, individuals have been bracing for one thing worse than this. So that is within the ballpark of what’s acceptable. Wage progress is a bit gentle, however unemployment dropped. In a broad sense, this was not that dangerous. It most likely provides the greenback a little bit of respiratory room after a little bit of a tough experience the final three or 4 days.”

JOSEPH SROKA, CHIEF INVESTMENT OFFICER, NOVAPOINT, ATLANTA

“The quantity got here up mild relative to consensus, however not too dangerous on the non-public information. However the fruits of the weak ISM information and the payrolls report is rising the percentages in traders mindset that the Fed has extra incentive to think about one other rate of interest discount on the subsequent assembly.”

“The economic system has been going by a low degree of deceleration during the last couple of months and whenever you take them in mixture some is trade-related and a few is time-related, which means you possibly can’t develop infinitely. The Fed’s been proactive on adjusting rates of interest earlier than we noticed the info like this month’s ISM. So possibly the problem that some modest fee adjustment from the Fed is sufficient to preserve the economic system from a deeper decline and lengthen growth, albeit at a slower tempo.”

SAMEER SAMANA, SENIOR GLOBAL MARKET STRATEGIST, WELLS FARGO INVESTMENT INSTITUTE, ST. LOUIS

“Headline job progress, non-public payrolls, and manufacturing payrolls, and wage progress all got here in weaker than anticipated and suggests some softening within the labor market.

  “This information most likely reinforces the case that the U.S. is now starting to really feel the results of the continuing international slowdown and doubtless strengthens the case for extra fee cuts, if the Fed chooses to go down that path.”

TOM PORCELLI, CHIEF U.S. ECONOMIST, RBC CAPITAL MARKETS, NEW YORK

“If individuals have been genuinely on the sting of the dialog about whether or not or not we’re slipping into recession or not, that is the sort of quantity that ought to pressure them to take a step again from that view. I by no means essentially thought that individuals must be holding that view, however I’m merely highlighting a market actuality. I believe that there was, from the market perspective, an actual threat that we have been slipping into recession. This isn’t a recessionary sort of quantity. This was a superbly sound report in most methods, not in each method. The one factor that I don’t like is that common hourly earnings have been flat. However however, the unemployment fee improved once more, we’re 3.5% on the unemployment report. This isn’t a dynamic that occurs with nice regularity in the USA, traditionally talking. The labor backdrop is definitely in actually fine condition, regardless of quite a lot of the noise that we proceed to listen to about these fears. This report throws quite a lot of chilly water on that.”

“I believe the Fed is locked stepping into October, virtually no end result was going to alter that. Whether or not the quantity was worse than anticipated and even fairly a bit higher than anticipated, I believe the Fed was going to go. The doves on the committee are clearly in management as a result of they’re the voters proper now.

KATHY JONES, CHIEF FIXED INCOME STRATEGIST, SCHWAB CENTER FOR FINANCIAL RESEARCH, NEW YORK

“I believe that the general image confirms the mild slowdown within the economic system that’s already priced into the bond market. However the lack of wage achieve, I believe, is a little bit of a shock. You’ll suppose that given the low degree of the unemployment fee, wages can be ticking up, however truly common hourly earnings have been down a bit. That may very well be a fluke, however they did peak in February…That raises quite a lot of questions – what’s the composition of jobs which can be being added? Is it that we’re pulling in quite a lot of people who’ve been on the margins and subsequently are extra low-wage jobs being added?”

“All in all, it’s not most likely a giant mover for the bond market, however it does go away the probability of a Fed fee minimize on the desk – maybe in October, maybe they’ll determine upon it in December and get extra information.”

“It’s fairly in line with what we noticed with the PMIs, the ISMs… The ISM was fairly gentle. The drop within the manufacturing payrolls was a affirmation of softness in there. We noticed a little bit of a drop in mining as properly, which isn’t stunning. Building, gentle. Total a gentle report, however that was anticipated.”

JOHN VELIS, GLOBAL MACRO STRATEGIST, BNY MELLON, NEW YORK

“Going into it and contemplating what we noticed with the 2 ISM surveys, it might have been so much worse. It’s most likely good for the market and never as dire as many individuals anticipated. It doesn’t imply that the economic system and the roles market are falling off a cliff. Then again, it’s not sturdy sufficient that it’s going to take out this extra Fed easing that has been priced into the curve the previous few days.”

DOUG DUNCAN, CHIEF ECONOMIST, FANNIE MAE, WASHINGTON

“The revisions being up is a optimistic as a result of sometimes when the employment market is slowing the revisions of prior months are down, and that has been the case for about 5 months. So, the truth that the revisions are up this time recommend that there’s not a precipitous slowing in unemployment. The truth that wage charges are holding is nice information, it’s help for the patron.

“There’s not a warning of a major slowdown within the economic system from these information. Our view is that with a purpose to keep the extent of unemployment steady we have to add someplace between 100,000 and 120,000 jobs a month, so this definitely matches that. It doesn’t recommend a major slowing in exercise at this level.

“I’d be stunned if there was a major response (from the market) in both course. What it does do is spotlight the variations of opinion on the Fed board about whether or not the economic system is slowing precipitously or not and also you had a number of dissents from the final fee minimize, that doesn’t assist make clear for them whether or not their disagreements are merited or not.”

JJ KINAHAN, CHIEF MARKET STRATEGIST, TD AMERITRADE, CHICAGO

“There’s a lot to love, particularly given the revisions that occurred. Retail shedding as many roles because it did once more, I don’t suppose it’s a huge shock. We proceed to see that pattern, everyone seems to be making an attempt to determine it out, so to talk, and once more the world they misplaced them in being primarily in clothes.

“Manufacturing could also be somewhat bit regarding, down 2,000 jobs not an enormous factor total. It’s a must to bear in mind this didn’t embrace the GM strike due to timing. In order that one will present up within the subsequent report, however it’s nice that we received a 45,000 revision larger between July and August and that is among the issues individuals actually favored about this. The 2 areas which have been unbelievable being healthcare and enterprise to enterprise providers are simply stud sectors. Each single month these two sectors present up and we simply proceed to see that. The opposite factor that was vital was transportation and warehousing, so once more, areas that take items from one place to a different, up 16,000 jobs. Most of this was an actual optimistic for the economic system regardless of a few of the different numbers we’re seeing.

“We’ve had such a string of dangerous information, that something that exhibits the economic system is doing higher than maybe individuals have been speaking about is properly acquired. I don’t suppose it clarifies the image any which method (for the Fed). It’s another piece of grey thrown into the image.”

Americas Economics and Markets Desk; +1-646 223-6300

Our Requirements:The Thomson Reuters Belief Rules.

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Strong stock and bond markets at odds over global growth

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NEW YORK (Reuters) – It looks like something has to give in global markets.

Traders work on the floor at the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) in New York, U.S., April 18, 2019. REUTERS/Brendan McDermid

Stocks and bonds around the world have rallied atypically together since the start of the year, rewarding investors both bullish and bearish on the direction of global growth.

The main catalyst for the gains was the Federal Reserve’s surprise decision in early January to pause its tightening policy, after four interest rate increases in 2018 raised fears it was being too aggressive as the economy cooled and inflation remained minimal. Those fears helped send global markets into a tailspin in December.

Yet with the U.S. benchmark S&P 500 near a record level and corporate junk bonds notching new highs, the question stock and bond investors are asking is whether the Fed’s next move will be a rate cut that further propels risk assets or a rate hike that cuts into the stock market’s momentum.

A move by the Fed on interest rates or a communication misstep by the central bank would likely end either the rally in the stock market or in investment-grade bonds by the end of the year, restoring the traditional give-and-take between risk and safety, investors say.

“The Fed is between a rock and a hard place,” said Kathleen Gaffney, a portfolio manager at Eaton Vance Management in Boston. “They can’t go lower because there are signs that inflation is rising and they can’t go higher because of global political uncertainty. It leaves the market on pause.”

The U.S. central bank has said it will soon stop letting bonds bought during its “quantitative easing” period following the financial crisis roll off its balance sheet, which also helped push yields on safe havens like Treasuries lower and acted as a tailwind for riskier assets.

Gaffney said the Fed will likely have to raise rates again because of rising wages and other forms of inflation by the end of the year, adding that such a move will “pierce” the high valuations in both the stocks and bond markets.

TWIN RALLY

The rolling four-month percentage change in the price of the S&P 500 and the 10-Year Treasury note have both been positive for three straight months, according to a Reuters analysis. That is the longest such streak since a five-month run that ended in August 2017, it showed.

In that same 2017 period, the S&P 500 gained and 10-year Treasury yields fell as the market digested conflicting economic reports during the first year of the Trump administration, before the Federal Reserve in September began quantitative tightening that resulted in bond yields rising as the S&P 500 continued to rally.

Since January equity markets around the world have made up much of the ground they lost during a wrenching fourth quarter of 2018 that sent the U.S. stock market to the brink of a bear market.

The S&P 500 and Europe’s STOXX 600 are up almost 16% year to date, while stock indexes in China are up nearly 30%.

The ICE Merrill Lynch U.S. high yield index is up 8.6% year to date while the Merrill Lynch World sovereign bond index is up almost 1.5%.

World stocks vs bonds – tmsnrt.rs/2IrqXeF

A rally in benchmark 10-year Treasury notes, usually seen as a safe haven, undercuts the picture of a “risk on” market. Their yields have slid from 2.69% at the start of the year to as low as 2.34% in late March.

“At this point in the cycle, equity investors are trying to take any incremental news positively while fixed income investors are not,” said Jen Robertson, a portfolio manager at Wells Fargo Asset Management in London. “It’s quite delicate at the moment and any negative news out of first quarter earnings could impact this sharp bounce.”

Further uncertainty due to the economic impact of the UK leaving the European Union, which has now been pushed back to Oct. 31, or a deterioration in U.S.-China trade talks could be a “shock to the system” and derail both stocks and bonds, she said.

The spread between U.S. three-month bills and 10-year notes turned negative for the first time since 2007 in March, a bearish sign as a yield curve inversion has signaled an upcoming economic recession in the past.

The move initially boosted stock prices as investors predicted it would hem the Fed in from future interest rate hikes. But equities could fall soon if recession fears continue to grow, said Hiroaki Hayashi, managing director of Fukoku Capital Management in Tokyo.

“If you look at the past experiences, share prices have often rallied six to nine months after the yield curve initially inverted before entering a major correction. I believe we are exactly at such a phase now.”

Despite outsized gains this year, financial markets have not indicated investors have faith that the global economy can grow without historically low interest rates a decade after the end of the Great Recession, said Anwiti Bahuguna, head of multi-asset strategy at Columbia Threadneedle Investments.

“The bull market we’ve had for the past 10 years is essentially because of really low interest rates,” Bahuguna said.

“I don’t think that equilibrium will last much longer,” she added, saying rising inflation and low unemployment could soon test global markets’ ability to cope with tighter monetary policy.

Additional reporting by Hideyuki Sano in Tokyo and Terence Gabriel in New York.; Editing by Alden Bentley and Tom Brown

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Slowing manufacturing hiring may point to fraying U.S. expansion

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NEW YORK (Reuters) – The longest streak of U.S. factory hiring in a quarter century came to an unexpected end last month, and a clouded outlook for important manufacturing sectors like autos may impede a quick rebound, undermining a key plank of U.S. President Donald Trump’s economic agenda.

FILE PHOTO: A line worker installs the front seats on the flex line at Nissan Motor Co’s automobile manufacturing plant in Smyrna, Tennessee, U.S., August 23, 2018. REUTERS/William DeShazer/File Photo

That sector lost 6,000 jobs in March, the Labor Department said on Friday, ending a 19-month streak of gains that started in August 2017 and had it extended one more month would have become the longest uninterrupted expansion of factory employment since the mid-1980s.

As it stands, the just-ended run was the longest since a comparable streak from August 1993 through February 1995 and saw the generation of 410,000 U.S. factory jobs. By comparison, that earlier run during Democrat Bill Clinton’s presidency produced 526,000 new manufacturing positions. A 20-month streak back in the early 1980s generated 1.34 million production jobs.

Today, companies that produce cars, construction equipment and other manufactured goods account for 12 percent of an economy that in July marks 10 years of expansion, the longest on record. Back in the 1990s, manufacturing’s share of the economy was around 16 percent and it was closer to 20 percent in the early 1980s.

Trump campaigned on rebuilding the sector and his ability to create high-paying American manufacturing jobs, partly by pushing other countries for more favorable terms of trade.

For a graphic on U.S. manufacturing employment, see – tmsnrt.rs/2CYWCQt

Overall, though, the March jobs report was upbeat.

It showed U.S. employment growth in March accelerating from a 17-month low, signaling that February’s sharp pullback was more likely an anomaly rather than a sign of an impending economic slowdown. Nonfarm payrolls rose by 196,000 jobs for the month, while economists polled by Reuters forecast gains of 180,000 jobs.

Last month’s unexpected slowdown in factory hiring – economists polled by Reuters had forecast a gain of 10,000 jobs – may signal that slower consumer and business spending as well as softening auto sales may curtail manufacturing job growth going forward. Another possibility is that factories are finding trouble finding and retaining willing workers.

Weakness in the auto sector bears watching. Manufacturers in that area have announced thousands of job cuts to deal with slowing sales that have led to an inventory bloat. So far this year auto manufacturers and suppliers have unveiled plans to cut 15,887 jobs, according to data on Thursday from Challenger, Gray & Christmas Inc, an outplacement consultancy.

Yet some companies that are hiring in that sector report labor shortages in their regions.

Shawn Hendrix, president of Nissen Chemitec America Inc, which supplies parts for Honda and Subaru cars, said he is not seeing an industry slowdown. He is having trouble finding people to fill jobs at his London, Ohio, factory.

“We are hiring – in our area in central Ohio almost all manufacturers I know are hiring,” Hendrix said. But it’s hard to find workers willing to commit to long-term jobs: some quit after two days of orientation. “If we don’t develop a pipeline with our educators it’s going to be very difficult to sustain manufacturing,” he said.

It is possible that the figure for March is a blip. The Institute for Supply Management said on Monday that its index of national factory activity rose to a reading of 55.3 in March from 54.2 in February, which had marked the lowest level since November 2016.

Reporting by Trevor Hunnicutt; Editing by Dan Burns and Andrea Ricci

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