Tag Archives: Animal health

Canines, cats cannot go on coronavirus, however can check constructive

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Pet cats and canine can’t go the brand new coronavirus to people, however they will check constructive for low ranges of the pathogen in the event that they catch it from their proprietor

HONG KONG —
Pet cats and canine can’t go the brand new coronavirus on to people, however they will check constructive for low ranges of the pathogen in the event that they catch it from their homeowners.

That is the conclusion of Hong Kong’s Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Division after a canine in quarantine examined weak constructive for the virus Feb. 27, Feb. 28 and March 2, utilizing the canine’s nasal and oral cavity samples.

A unidentified spokesman for the division was quoted in a information launch as saying. “There’s at the moment no proof that pet animals is usually a supply of an infection of COVID-19 or that they change into sick.”

Scientists suspect the virus often known as SARS-CoV-2 that causes the illness originated in bats earlier than passing it on to a different species, presumably a small wild mammal, that handed it on to people. Nonetheless, specialists from the College of Public Well being of The College of Hong Kong, the Faculty of Veterinary Drugs and Life Sciences of the Metropolis College of Hong Kong and the World Organisation for Animal Well being (OIE) have unanimously agreed that the canine has a low-level of an infection and it’s “prone to be a case of human-to-animal transmission.”

The canine, and one other additionally in quarantine which has examined unfavorable for the virus, shall be examined once more earlier than being launched. The division recommended any pets, together with canine and cats, from households the place somebody has examined constructive for the virus ought to be put into quarantine.

Basically, pet homeowners ought to keep good hygiene, together with washing palms earlier than and after dealing with animals, their meals and provides and no kissing them. People who find themselves sick ought to keep away from contact with pets and a veterinarian’s recommendation ought to be sought if modifications in a pet’s well being circumstances are detected.

“Other than sustaining good hygiene practices, pet homeowners needn’t be overly involved and in no way ought to they abandon their pets,” the spokesman stated.

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The Related Press receives assist for well being and science protection from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute’s Division of Science Training. The AP is solely liable for all content material.

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Santa Barbara Zoo’s aged elephant Little Mac euthanized

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Little Mac, a 48-year-old Asian elephant that was a fixture on the Santa Barbara Zoo for practically all her life, was euthanized this week after a pointy decline in well being, officers mentioned.

The zoo mentioned Little Mac was euthanized round 7 p.m. Wednesday in her exhibit yard, surrounded by keepers and workers who cared for her over time.

She had been in what the zoo referred to as hospice care after continual issues along with her tooth and arthritis in her legs have been compounded by the onset of different medical issues in June, mentioned Julie Barnes, the zoo’s vp of animal care and well being.

“She continued to say no regardless of our greatest efforts, particularly previously two weeks,” Barnes mentioned in a press release. “We had exhausted the medical choices out there that might permit her to have an excellent high quality of life. It was time to let her go.”

Little Mac got here to the zoo from Mysore, India, in 1972 with one other feminine Asian elephant in trade for six California sea lions.

On the time she was a 1½-year-old, 4-foot-tall (1.2-meter) obvious orphan present in a forest.

She was named by Herb Peterson, the proprietor of a number of Santa Barbara-area McDonald’s eating places who paid for the airline flight.

Her companion, Sujatha, had been born to an elephant that labored in a logging camp.

Sujatha was 47 when she was euthanized on Oct. 16, 2018, as a consequence of issues associated to outdated age.

Barnes mentioned that Little Mac hadn’t proven any indicators of melancholy or regarding behaviors after Sujatha’s dying and if she hadn’t out of the blue declined she doubtless would have been thought of for switch to a sanctuary or different facility the place she might have been launched to different elephants.

Her dying marks the top of the Santa Barbara Zoo’s elephant program.

The zoo famous that it’s providing workers and guests assets for coping with grief.

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Philippines confirms African swine fever, culls 7,000 pigs

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Lab tests have confirmed that African swine fever caused the deaths of pig herds in at least seven villages near Manila and a multiagency body will be set up to ensure the highly contagious disease does not spread further, Philippine officials said Monday.

Agriculture Secretary William Dar said 14 of 20 blood samples sent to a British lab tested positive for the disease but further tests were needed to ascertain the virulence of the virus.

Infections in affected villages have been contained in recent weeks, and backyard farms hit by the virus and outlying areas have been placed under quarantine and disinfected to prevent recurrences, Dar and other agriculture officials said.

“What hit us we don’t know among the 35 strains,” Dar said at a news conference, referring to the different viral strains with varying lethality. He appealed to journalists to help the government prevent public alarm that could hurt the local hog industry.

More than 7,400 pigs have been culled in farms in villages in Rizal and Bulacan provinces that were feared to have been hit by the viral infection in recent months. The Department of Agriculture is verifying reports of new infections in other areas, Dar said, but he refused to identify the areas.

Despite confirmation of the infections, officials say authorities are in control of the problem and will further tighten checks, including in airports and seaports, and crack down on smuggling of imported meat to prevent largescale outbreaks. They said pork supplies and prices will remain normal.

“The hog industry is one of the more critical industries in the country. Let us not allow it to be affected in a big way,” Dar said. “Everything that has to be done by government with the help of the private sector is being done.”

Dar and Health Secretary Francisco Duque ate pork dishes with other officials and traders in a joint ceremony to demonstrate that locally sold meat is safe to eat when properly slaughtered and prepared.

The Philippines is the latest country in Asia to be hit by the disease, with hard-hit China and Vietnam culling millions of pigs and scrambling to find a vaccine to contain infections that have ravaged their swine industries.

China is home to half the world’s pig population. In Vietnam alone, the virus has caused the deaths of more than 4 million pigs.

African swine fever is harmless to people but fatal and highly contagious for pigs, with no known cure, causing severe losses in the swine industry. The disease has been reported in China, Vietnam, Mongolia, Cambodia, Laos and North Korea.

Some experts have said the current spread of swine fever is the largest known animal disease outbreak in history.

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Chinese official: Pig fever outbreak ‘complicated and grim’

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The death toll from a disease outbreak in China’s pig herds that has pushed up global pork prices has risen to 1.2 million animals, but its spread has “significantly slowed,” a deputy agriculture minister said Thursday.

Authorities are stepping up efforts to contain African swine fever but the situation is “complicated and grim,” Yu Kangzhen told a news conference. He said the government is developing a vaccine but that work has “a long way to go.”

Pork is China’s staple meat and the country produces and consumes two-thirds of the world’s pigs. Bans imposed on shipping pigs out of infected areas since outbreaks began in August have caused shortages in major cities. Importers are filling the gap by purchasing more abroad, pushing up prices in Asia and Europe.

The virus doesn’t harm humans but is fatal and spreads quickly among pigs. It spread from Africa to Europe and Russia before reaching China. Since then, 144 outbreaks have been reported in 32 of China’s 34 provinces, according to the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization.

“The outbreak of swine fever in China has significantly slowed,” said Yu. “This is an indisputable fact.”

However, he said some local authorities have failed to report or contain outbreaks.

Yu rejected a report by the Reuters news agency that local authorities only report half of China’s outbreaks.

“We cannot promise that it never happens,” but if it does, “we will punish it strictly and immediately,” he said.

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