Tag Archives: Agriculture

I’d doubt that anybody might discover a sadder face than the one

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I’d doubt that anybody might discover a sadder face than the one this badger has. Possibly it did all that digging and got here up empty.
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#weaselfamily

#wildanimal#wild#gopherhunter #prairies#ranching#pasture#saskatchewan #exploresask #sharecangeo #agriculture#farming#prairiesnorth#foodchain

#protectwildlife
#protectwildlifehabitat
#protectwildlifecorridors

#AnimalsofInstagram#nature_sultans #naturejunkie #natureseeker #naturelovers #naturephotography #naturephoto#naturepolispark #bestnatureshots #natureshooters #phototag_it #main_vision

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One-of-a-kind fireplace insurance coverage will kick in for Oregon | Information

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A British insurance coverage market in enterprise since 1871 can pay as much as $25 million of wildfire prices in Oregon below the state’s one-of-a-kind wildfire insurance coverage.

The coverage with Lloyd’s of London requires the state to pay the primary $50 million in prices, then Lloyd’s pays the following $25 million. Something above that might be lined by the state, together with federal help.

Based on the Northwest Interagency Coordination Middle, a logistical heart for regional fires, Oregon has spent over $53 million on firefighting in the course of the present fireplace season. That will set off the insurance coverage coverage.

Jim Gersbach, spokesman for the Oregon Division of Forestry stated he could not verify the NICC estimate. He outlined the coverage’s quantities, limits and historical past.

Oregon is the one state to have a personal wildfire insurance coverage coverage and has been with Lloyd’s of London since 1973. 

The $3.75 million premium is break up between the state and personal timberland house owners. Landowners pay their share by a property tax formulation. The present coverage is in impact by April 15, 2021.

Gersbach stated the almost half-century relationship with Lloyd’s, the state has obtained $99 million in claims funds in opposition to $75 million in premiums paid.

“The latest claims ODF made below our Lloyd’s of London coverage had been for $25 million in 2013 and $23.2 million in 2014,” Gersbach stated.

The back-to-back years of payouts led Lloyd’s of London to just about double the premium from $2 million to $3.75 million. The deductible rose from $20 million to $50 million. The quantity Lloyd’s would pay out remained at $25 million.

Within the debate over retaining or dropping the protection, supporters famous that the 2014 fires had a complete price of $75 million. Some state lawmakers argued for a state belief fund of as much as $60 million to pay for fireplace prices instantly. Supporters of constant the coverage famous that the state’s whole worth was over $75 million. Each side had been involved that in tight funds years, the fund may very well be raided for different functions.

After a debate within the Legislature and governor’s workplace, the choice was made to proceed with the coverage on the greater price.

The Oregon Division of Forestry is chargeable for about half the forested land within the state, roughly 16 million acres. The state is the important thing firefighting company on areas managed by the Bureau of Land Administration, together with county timberlands and personal property.

Lloyd’s shouldn’t be an insurance coverage firm, however an organization created by an Act of Parliament in 1871.  It oversees a market underwritten by 90 syndicate members — companies, funding funds, and rich people who’re referred to as “The Names.”

 The members pool and disperse danger, whereas sharing in income from the premiums from nearly all of insurance policies that go unused. Insurance policies are bought to entities world wide.

Lloyd’s reported a $3.2 billion revenue in 2019. 

Lloyd’s of London Chairman Bruce Carnegie-Brown stated earlier this month that {the marketplace} expects to pay an estimated $6.5 billion on insurance policies due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

In March, Lloyd’s closed its cavernous underwriting room on Lime Road within the coronary heart of the monetary district of London, which was visited by as much as 5,000 folks every day. Although most of its enterprise is finished on-line, the workplace is a standing level for {the marketplace}. The room reopened Sept. 1, with a staggered system of entry into the 197-foot atrium.

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US ‘honor roll’ of historic places often ignores slavery

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BIRMINGHAM, Ala. —
Antebellum Southern plantations were built on the backs of enslaved people, and many of those plantations hold places of honor on the National Register of Historic Places – but don’t look for many mentions of slavery in the government’s official record of places with historic significance.

The register’s written entries on the plantations tend to say almost nothing about the enslaved people who picked the cotton and tobacco or cut the sugar cane that paid for ornate homes that today serve as wedding venues, bed-and-breakfast inns, tourist attractions and private homes — some of which tout their inclusion on the National Register like a gold star.

The National Register of Historic Places lists more than 95,000 sites that are important to the story of the United States. From some of the most famous places — such as George Washington’s Mount Vernon estate — to scores of lesser-known plantation homes in the rural South, register entries often ignore the topic of slavery or mention it only in passing, an Associated Press review found.

Experts blame a generational lack of concern for the stories of black people and, in many cases, a shortage of records. While some narratives have been updated to include information about enslavement, such changes aren’t mandatory and many have not.

The National Register’s entry for Mount Vernon, approved in 1977, doesn’t use the word “slave,” although more than 300 enslaved black people worked the first president’s fields, cooked his food and cleaned the house where tourists now roam.

The entry for Thomas Jefferson’s mountaintop home, Monticello, notes that the third president owned as many as 200 slaves. Yet it generally avoids discussing them or the details of their ownership by the author of the Declaration of Independence.

The same is true for plantation after plantation across the former Confederate states.

Those omissions likely contributed to the loss of slave housing and other structures linked to the economy of enslavement because no one deemed them important, preservationist Ashley Rogers said.

“The problem is, the damage has been done,” said Rogers, executive director of the Whitney Plantation Museum near New Orleans.

The Whitney, which documents slavery at a pre-Civil War plantation near New Orleans, draws tens of thousands of visitors annually and is known for discussing topics that other tourist plantations ignore. Yet even its entry in the National Register, completed in 1992 before the current owner purchased it, doesn’t mention the slaves who toiled there.

Similarly, visitors to Mount Vernon or Monticello in Virginia can now hear stories and see exhibits about slave life — but those features were added long after the landmarks became some of the first sites listed in the National Register.

The National Register’s incomplete stories reflect the way the public ignores the topic of enslaved people, said Hasan Kwame Jeffries, an associate professor at Ohio State University who specializes in areas including African American history.

“It’s telling us what we have been valuing as a society and how we understand slavery,” Jeffries said.

Congress established the National Register of Historic Places under a 1966 historic preservation act aimed at coordinating preservation work and highlighting the nation’s most historic sites.

Along with bragging rights, a listing on the National Register can help property owners financially. More than $160 billion has been invested in preserving 44,000 historic places nationwide under a tax credit program approved in 1976, according to the National Park Service, which oversees the program.

Property owners, local groups and government agencies nominate sites for inclusion on the National Register, noting architectural features, historic significance and other information. State preservation offices review the nominations and submit them to the Park Service for a final decision.

Those nomination forms, available on government websites, make up the bulk of information that’s publicly available about places listed on the register, the Park Service said. And they often ignore the enslaved people who provided the labor on antebellum plantations.

Magnolia Grove, a state-owned antebellum plantation home dating to 1835 in Greensboro, Alabama, has a slave cabin that tourists can visit, plus displays about enslaved people, yet its 1972 entry on the National Register doesn’t mention slaves.

The state-operated Kingsley Plantation near Jacksonville, Florida, was home to slaves, yet its National Register entry doesn’t say who they were or how they were forced to work in the Southern heat. Instead, it describes tabby — a kind of concrete made of oyster shells — and the “colorful” slave trader Zephaniah Kingsley, who gets credit for having “carefully trained” enslaved people to farm his cotton.

A historian who has researched the antebellum South, Clifton Ellis, said many National Register entries reflect a time when neither African American history nor the cultural importance of buildings were emphasized.

“You might see that there’s a relation between lack of information and when they were written,” said Ellis, of Texas Tech University. “It was only during the ‘70s that historians were beginning to look at slavery more closely. That took time to work its way through the academy.”

Many plantation owners also kept poor records of slave life and did little to preserve reminders of it — another reason for the information void.

The civil rights movement drew attention to the need for inclusive history, Ellis said, and nominations have improved with time. Property owners and historical groups are allowed to update National Register entries with new information. Some have done so with information about slaves.

Today, any new nomination of an antebellum site that doesn’t discuss its ties to slavery would be rejected for more work, said Sarah David, who oversees the National Register program for North Carolina.

“You can’t talk about something that was built before the Civil War without talking about enslaved people,” she said. “They were just in it. They may have built it.”

The historical blindness about slavery and enslaved people isn’t limited to plantations in the National Register.

The entry for Alabama’s white-domed Capitol details its role as the place where delegates established the Confederate States of America in 1861, but doesn’t cite slavery’s role in the rebellion or Horace King, a onetime slave credited with building the elegant, curved stairways in the building’s main entrance.

Joe McGill routinely sleeps in old slave homes as part of The Slave Dwelling Project, which seeks to tell the forgotten stories of enslaved people. Sketchy accounts of slavery are a product of a decades-long period when white male historians primarily told the stories of white males, he said.

“It needs to be corrected because it coincides with an incomplete narrative,” said McGill, who has slept in about 150 slave dwellings in 25 states in the South and the North.

But updating all that outdated history would be daunting, historians said.

With hundreds of old plantations listed on the National Register and many preservationists focused on saving endangered sites rather than updating information about existing ones, rounding out the history of antebellum farms could take years.

“It would take a massive effort,” said Ellis.

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‘Flash drought’ brings mud and dread to southern farmers

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Throughout an unlimited expanse of the South stretching from Texas to Maryland, there are rising issues for the cattle, cotton and corn amid a worsening drought fueled by this summer time’s report excessive temperatures.

One of many bullseyes marking the nation’s driest areas is Bartow County, Georgia, the place excessive drought has kicked up buckets of mud and left cattle pastures naked. The farm nation northwest of Atlanta is among the many hardest hit spots in a dozen Southern states the place greater than 45 million residents are actually residing in some sort of drought circumstances, the latest U.S. Drought Monitor report reveals.

Throughout the South, the drought has ravaged the pastures the place cattle and different livestock feed. The vast majority of these lands are in both poor or very poor situation in Georgia, Alabama, Kentucky, Tennessee, the Carolinas and West Virginia, the U.S. Division of Agriculture reported in its most up-to-date crop report. Pasture and vary circumstances had been in even worse form in Virginia, the place 71% of the land is in poor or very poor form.

“Trying forward if we do not get sufficient rain and the pastures do not get better, we’ll be dipping into winter feeding hay earlier than time, or should liquidate some cattle,” mentioned Dean Bagwell, a cattle farmer in Bartow County.

“It’s irritating with the climate, sophisticated by cattle costs not as excessive as we would prefer to see them,” he mentioned. “So if you’re pressured to promote, then you are going to have much less revenue. It simply all performs into the frustration of making an attempt to make a residing farming.”

At a farm the place individuals come to see the kangaroos, camels and different wildlife in Cartersville, Georgia, proprietor Scott Allen factors out the “baked mud” and cracked earth within the mattress of a small stream close to his zebras. The pure spring water is sort of dried up, so he is utilizing municipal water.

“It has been in all probability higher than 60 days since we had any precipitation that amounted to something,” Allen mentioned. “The mud is simply relentless.”

The USDA crop report reveals practically 1 / 4 of the cotton crop is in poor or very poor situation in Texas, the place greater than 13 million individuals — greater than half the state’s inhabitants — are experiencing drought circumstances, the middle reported. Excessive drought unfold into a number of new areas of central and japanese Texas in current weeks.

The scenario can be dire in North Carolina, the place 40% of the cotton and 30% of the corn is in poor or very poor form. In Georgia, practically 20% of the peanut crop is in poor or very poor situation, the report reveals.

The warmth has performed a big issue, forecasters say. In August, excessive temperatures and humidity despatched the warmth index hovering throughout the South. The warmth index — what it truly appears like — rose to 121 levels (49.four Celsius) in Clarksdale, Mississippi, on Aug. 12. And that warmth caught round, carrying report excessive temperatures into October. A number of Alabama cities this 12 months have seen their hottest October temperature ever recorded.

The mixture of dry climate and intense warmth can create drought circumstances comparatively shortly, leading to a “flash drought.”

The time period took place throughout a 2001 drought within the Nice Plains. Mark Svoboda, director of the Nationwide Drought Mitigation Middle, was searching for a option to describe the speedy onset of that drought and got here up with “flash drought,” he recollects. The phrase resonated with individuals and made headlines in The Omaha World-Herald’s protection of that drought. Again then, Svoboda and different scientists had few instruments to trace flash droughts. Throughout the previous decade, nonetheless, satellite tv for pc imagery has given forecasters a lot better knowledge to observe a rapidly-spreading drought, Svoboda mentioned.

In coming years, local weather change is anticipated to accentuate droughts and improve their frequency, scientists warned within the Nationwide Local weather Evaluation launched by the White Home final 12 months. And warmth waves are anticipated to hit the South tougher than different areas.

Cities with a very excessive threat of future warmth waves embrace Memphis, Tennessee; and Raleigh, North Carolina. New Orleans and Birmingham, Alabama, are additionally cited within the report as having traits towards extra intense and frequent warmth waves.

A brand new report on the drought is anticipated later Thursday displaying the harm already executed, however now Bagwell and different farmers are involved concerning the long-term outlook. Octobers are normally among the many driest months within the South. There’s one hope for farmers: Lengthy-range forecasts level towards above-normal precipitation within the Southeast later this month, based on the Local weather Prediction Middle.

On the Tri-County Gin in Cartersville, one of many final remaining cotton gins in north Georgia, mud from the Georgia purple clay coats the pickup truck the place proprietor David Smith friends over the steering wheel and ponders the dry circumstances.

“It is not an entire, general catastrophe, however there are locations which might be hurting unhealthy,” he mentioned.

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Apple Affair set to rejoice Galesville historical past

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Apple Affair brings set to celebrate Galesville history

Apple Affair brings set to rejoice Galesville historical past

Extra Information Headlines

GALESVILLE, Wis. (WKBT) – A lot of apples shall be on the menu this weekend on the Apple Affair in Galesville.

The 37th annual occasion will as soon as once more be held on the Trempealeau County Fairgrounds, together with downtown Galesville.

The occasion combines music, crafts, youngsters occasions with apples.

As soon as once more the occasion encompasses a 10-foot vast apple pie.

The custom of orchards round Galesville makes it a celebration for locals and guests.

“It permits us to essentially spotlight the farmers, the apple orchards that simply are in lovely valleys and coulees in that space.  And it permits people to come back that perhaps haven’t visited Galesville earlier than,” stated Perian Heffner, Co-Chair of the Galesville Apple Affair.

The whole lot stats Saturday at 7 a.m. for the Apple Affair with a breakfast.

And the well-known 10-foot apple pie is served beginning at midday.

There may be additionally a craft present and music that run all through the day.

Get your climate forecast from folks that truly stay in your group. We replace with brief, easy-to-use video forecasts you possibly can watch in your telephone each day. Obtain the iOS or Android app right here.



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China to elevate punitive tariffs on US soybeans, pork

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China will elevate punitive tariffs imposed on U.S. soybeans and pork in a commerce warfare with Washington, a state information company stated Friday, including to conciliatory gestures by the 2 sides forward of negotiations.

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China will droop tariff hikes on soybeans, pork and another farm items, the Xinhua Information Company stated, citing the Cupboard planning company and the Commerce Ministry. Beijing “helps home firms in buying a specific amount of U.S. farm produce,” it stated, however it gave no particulars.

The transfer follows President Donald Trump’s determination Wednesday to postpone a deliberate Oct. 1 tariff hike on Chinese language imports to Oct. 15.

Hopes are rising that the 2 sides may defuse the extended dispute that’s threatening world financial progress. However there was no signal of progress on the principle points of their sprawling battle over commerce and know-how.

Beijing’s determination to revive entry to low-cost U.S. soybeans additionally would assist Chinese language pig farmers who use soy as animal feed. They’re reeling from an epidemic of African swine fever that has precipitated pork costs to soar.

Telephone calls to the commerce and finance ministries weren’t answered on Friday, a nationwide vacation in China.

“China has an enormous market, and the prospects for importing high-quality U.S. farm produce are broad,” Xinhua stated. “China hopes the USA shall be true to its phrase, make progress on its commitments and create favorable circumstances for bilateral agricultural cooperation.”

Beijing imposed 25% tariffs on American farm items final 12 months in response to Trump’s tariff hikes on Chinese language items. Importers have been ordered to cease shopping for soybeans, the largest U.S. export to China.

China focused farm items, hurting rural areas that supported Trump within the 2016 presidential election.

Secretary Steven Mnuchin known as Wednesday’s tariff delay by Trump a “goodwill gesture to the Chinese language.”

The Commerce Ministry stated Thursday importers have been asking American suppliers for costs of soybeans and pork. It gave no indication whether or not they deliberate to put orders.

Washington needs Beijing to roll again plans for state-led growth of leaders in robotics and different applied sciences. The US, Europe and different buying and selling companions argue these violate China’s free-trade commitments.

Some American officers fear they’ll erode U.S. industrial management.

Negotiations broke down in Could over implement any deal. Beijing says Trump’s tariff hikes have to be lifted as quickly as an settlement takes impact. Washington needs to maintain some in place to make sure Chinese language compliance.

Trump and Chinese language President Xi Jinping agreed in June to renew talks however the final spherical in Shanghai in July produced no progress.

Chinese language negotiators are as a consequence of fly to Washington in early October to fulfill with Mnuchin and U.S. Commerce Consultant Robert Lighthizer, in accordance with the treasury secretary. He stated mid-level U.S. and Chinese language officers have been as a consequence of meet subsequent week or the next week to arrange.

By delaying his tariff hike, Trump allowed for the likelihood the talks may make sufficient progress to avert the rise indefinitely. Nevertheless, economists say a closing settlement is unlikely this 12 months.

Tariff hikes by each side on billions of {dollars} of products have disrupted enterprise for farms and factories in each international locations, weighing on world financial progress.

China’s announcement Friday additionally fine-tunes commerce penalties to cut back injury to its personal economic system at a time of slowing progress.

Lack of entry to American soybeans pushed up prices for Chinese language pig farmers after African swine fever precipitated the lack of greater than 1 million pigs and disrupted provides of China’s staple meat, inflicting costs to soar.

Authorities have informed soybean importers to seek out new sources however the USA is the largest and lowest-cost exporter. Patrons want to Brazil and Argentina however their output can’t fill the entire hole and their costs are larger.

On Wednesday, Beijing introduced exemptions from punitive duties for 16 classes of American merchandise.

The Chinese language exemptions apply to uncooked supplies wanted by farmers and factories and a few medicines.

The Commerce Ministry stated Thursday that exemptions have been granted if no different suppliers may very well be discovered or the rise would damage Chinese language trade or the economic system.

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The Newest: UN official involved, hopeful on local weather change

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The Newest on a brand new United Nations report on local weather change (all instances native):

3:10 p.m.

A supervisor within the U.N. Local weather Change secretariat who helped write a brand new report on the topic, mentioned the grueling work by the volunteer authors was “like a dentist’s appointment for six days” and left her with each considerations and hopes that individuals will unite and reply to the threats of local weather change.

Koko Warner, who contributed to a chapter on threat administration and decision-making, advised the AP that: “I’ve misplaced lots of sleep about what the science is saying. As an individual, it is fairly scary. We have to act urgently.”

Talking Thursday after the report was offered on the World Meteorological Group’s headquarters in Geneva, she added: “However all of us as volunteers are united on this trigger of constructing positive that policymakers perceive the danger to people, to ecosystems, and to verify these policymakers in addition to residents, my youngsters, individuals on the road, that they’ve choices.”

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11:30 a.m.

A brand new United Nations science report on local weather change says chopping down bushes is making the world hotter and hungrier.

Though the report does not pinpoint any nation, scientists, when requested, pointed a finger at Brazil’s latest stepped-up deforestation of the Amazon.

Hans-Otto Portner, a panel chief from Germany, mentioned: “It contradicts all of the messages which can be popping out of the report.”

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11:15 a.m.

A brand new United Nations science panel says that if the world eats much less meat and extra plant-based meals it can assist battle local weather change. However scientists emphasize they don’t seem to be telling you what to eat.

Intergovernmental Panel on Local weather Change Chairman Hoesung Lee says the panel does not make client decisions, simply suggestions for presidency leaders.

When pressed, nevertheless, about half a dozen of the scientists raised their arms to say they’ve lowered their private diets due to local weather change, with one among them saying it helped him drop pounds and really feel more healthy.

Hans-Otto Portner, a panel chief from Germany, advised a reporter that if she ate much less ribs and extra greens “that is an excellent determination and you’ll assist the planet cut back greenhouse gasoline emissions.”

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10:01 a.m.

A brand new United Nations scientific report says local weather change is hitting us the place it counts: the abdomen — to not point out the forests, crops and animals.

The report examines how world warming and land work together in a vicious cycle. Human-caused local weather change is dramatically degrading the land, whereas the best way individuals use the land is making world warming worse.

Thursday’s science-laden report says the mixture is already making meals dearer, scarcer and even much less nutritious.

However scientists say if individuals change the best way they eat, develop meals and handle forests, it might assist save the planet from a far hotter future.

Earth’s land plenty, that are solely 30% of the globe, are warming twice as quick because the planet as a complete.

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To boost milk, dairy groups support high school coffee bars

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Coffee bars selling $3 iced lattes are popping up in high schools, helped along by dairy groups scrambling for new ways to get people to drink milk.

It’s one small way the dairy industry is fighting to slow the persistent decline in U.S. milk consumption as eating habits change and rival drinks keep popping up on supermarket shelves.

At a high school in North Dakota, a $5,000 grant from a dairy group helped pay for an espresso machine that makes lattes with about 8 ounces of milk each. The drinks used 530 gallons of milk this year.

“We buy a lot of milk,” said Lynelle Johnson, the food service director for the Williston Public School District.

It’s not clear how much coffee drinks in high schools might help boost milk consumption, or whether the concept will gain traction across the country. But with consumption of milk in the U.S. down 40 percent since 1975, the dairy industry is looking for all the help it can get.

The industry famous for its “Got Milk” advertising campaign is hoping its newer “Undeniably Dairy” slogan will help fend off the almond, oat and soy alternatives that are becoming more popular. And regional dairy groups are encouraging schools to serve milky drinks like smoothies and hot chocolate, as well as iced lattes.

The efforts come as the dairy industry is also trying to adjust to changing views about diet and nutrition.

With fat no longer seen as a dietary evil, skim milk has suffered the sharpest declines in demand in recent years. And it’s difficult for dairy producers to reduce production of skim milk because it is left over after making other products such as butter, cheese and ice cream.

As skim milk becomes especially tough to sell, Organic Valley is even drying some of the surplus and mixing it back into low-fat and fat-free milk to boost the nutrients and make it creamier.

“We’re just exploring everything we can,” said George Siemon, who was CEO of Organic Valley when the plans were developed, but has recently stepped down.

The dairy industry blames rules that limit the fat content of milk in schools for consumption declines, arguing that generations of students are growing up disliking milk because of the watery taste of skim.

In the meantime, it’s hoping lattes can make milk go down easier. In Florida, a dairy group said it paid for coffee carts in 21 high schools this past school year. In the Southwest, a dairy group gave grants to seven schools for coffee programs.

Not all high school coffee bars get grants from dairy groups, and the money may only cover a small portion of costs. School food operators also say lattes offer other benefits, such as giving teens a reason to stay on school grounds. At a national convention for school lunch officials next month, one session will also detail how schools in Orange County, Florida used coffee drinks to get students to buy lunch.

For an extra $2, students can turn the cup of milk served with lunch into a coffee drink at a nearby cart. Without the lunch, it costs $3.

The Orange County schools did not receive industry grants for the coffee bars, but the local dairy council provided chalkboard-style signs and menus.

Cafeteria directors and dairy groups say coffee drinks in schools have to follow nutrition standards, making them healthier than the lattes students would get anyway outside schools.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture, which sets rules for schools participating in its meal programs, says high schools can sell espresso drinks that are no bigger than 12 ounces, and that are made with fat-free or 1% milk. The drinks have around 150 calories, school food directors say.

But not everyone thinks teens should drink coffee, or that they need milk.

The American Academy of Pediatrics discourages caffeine consumption among children, citing potentially harmful effects on developing bodies. And while dairy is an efficient way to get calcium and vitamin D, it’s not the only way to get such nutrients, said Dr. Natalie Muth, a pediatrician and representative for the American Academy of Pediatrics.

As for lattes, Muth said there are ways to encourage students to get the nutrients of milk without promoting caffeine habits that could lead to headaches, agitation and lack of sleep.

“If they’re going to be having that outside of school, that’s one thing. But in schools, the idea is to promote good health and nutrition,” Muth said.

Exactly how schools prepare coffee drinks can vary, but milk is a primary ingredient for lattes. “It’s really milk with some coffee, as far as proportion,” said Julie Ostrow of Midwest Dairy.

It’s why the group is providing a grant for a coffee bar at a fourth high school in the Fort Zumwalt, Missouri district this upcoming year. In exchange, the group gets data on how much milk is used for the lattes, as well as information for personal pizzas, mozzarella sticks and other products with dairy.

But the group might not be happy about one of the newer options: This past year, the coffee bars began offering almond milk for 40 cents extra, said Paul Becker, the district’s food director.

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The Associated Press Health and Science Department receives support from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute’s Department of Science Education. The AP is solely responsible for all content.

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Landbouwschade vaststellen met de schadecommissie! De overvloedige regen heeft v…

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Landbouwschade vaststellen met de schadecommissie! De overvloedige regen heeft veel schade aan de verschillende teelten aangebracht! Respect voor de landbouwers ! #agriculture #potatoes #rain #food #theydeliver #mykh #knokkeheistgram #knokkeheist #mais #landscape #land #farmers #foodchain #rain

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Big Island residents struggle a year after historic eruption

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A year after a volcano on Hawaii’s Big Island rained lava and gases in one of its largest and most destructive eruptions in recorded history, people who lost their homes and farms in the disaster are still struggling to return to their cherished island lifestyle.

More than 700 homes were destroyed in the historic eruption, and most people will never move back to their land.

Over four months, Kilauea spewed enough lava to fill 320,000 Olympic-sized swimming pools, burying an area more than half the size of Manhattan in up to 80 feet (24 meters) of now-hardened molten rock. The lava reduced landmarks, streets and neighborhoods to a vast field of blackened boulders and volcanic shard.

But the disaster, which county officials estimate will cost about $800 million to recover from, affected more than just the people and places in the lava’s path.

Dozens of nearby homes that were spared still sit empty, either cut off by surrounding flows, damaged by airborne debris or downwind of cracks that continue to spew toxic gases.

Big Island Mayor Harry Kim, who lost a home in the eruption, says people are just beginning to come to terms with the devastation.

“We as human beings wish for normal to come back,” Kim said. “In a volcanic eruption, everything you know is no longer there.”

The longtime mayor says many outsiders question why anyone would want to live on the side of an active volcano.

“This is and was a very beautiful place to live. It was special,” Kim said. “It’s not just a home, it’s a lifestyle here.”

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A FATHER’S FINAL WISH

Among those whose lives were forever changed are Tisha Montoya and her family, who lived off the grid on several acres downslope from where the eruption began.

They had a large house and several cabins, along with greenhouses, pavilions and animal pastures. Montoya harvested different types of exotic fruit and had a pineapple garden, sheep, chickens, ducks, rabbits and Guinea pigs.

On May 4, the day after the eruption started, she evacuated when a 6.9-magnitude earthquake violently jolted the family’s purple octagonal home. Lava was pouring from new cracks in the nearby Leilani Estates neighborhood, and toxic gases filled the air.

Her father, Edwin Montoya, stayed behind to care for the animals. He hoped the entire family would soon be able to return.

Edwin’s children begged him to leave as the lava crept toward their property over the coming weeks. But he was committed to saving the animals, and he was prepared to die doing it.

“If it blows its top and I’m there at the time, I’m 76 years old, I’ve lived a good life, and if I have to go, I want to go,” Edwin Montoya told The Associated Press last May. “I love Hawaii, and this is where I want to stay for the rest of my days.”

As the lava neared, Edwin’s focus turned from taking care of the animals to evacuating them. He left the day before a river of lava arrived and cut the farm in half. The molten rock eventually took nearly all the structures, including the home and all but one small chicken coop that Edwin built.

Lava stopped flowing the first week of September. Edwin died less than a week later.

“It was very stressful to evacuate 100 animals out of here,” Tisha told the AP of her father’s death.

He woke her up one night because he was having trouble breathing. “We didn’t make it to the hospital,” she said. “He passed and then they said later it was a heart attack.”

All roads to the family’s farm are now cut off, leaving it accessible only by a two-hour hike through thick jungle.

Tisha returned there last week.

“This was the most special spot on the whole land,” she said as she paused to pray near the miles-long wall of lava covering her home. “So we buried him here as he wanted us to. His ashes, anyway, are sprinkled right over there on the edge, where the lava meets the green.”

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END OF THE ROAD

Mark and Jennifer Bishop’s house sat atop a ridge in Leilani Estates, their deck looking out toward friends’ homes in a valley.

The epicenter of the 2018 eruption — one of more than 20 places where the ground split open and released massive explosions of molten rock — is now in their front yard.

The eruption point, known as Fissure 8, created a towering cone that pumped out so much lava that it filled the valley in front of their property and flowed about 8 miles (13 kilometers) to the ocean.

“We used to be on the ridge. Now we’re halfway down the hill,” Mark Bishop said last week, looking up at the massive cone.

In all, lava hitting the ocean created nearly 1 square mile (2.6 square kilometers) of new land, including a new black sand beach.

The Bishops split their time between the Big Island and Harmony, Minnesota, where they own a business that gives tours of scenic cave.

They were in Minnesota when the eruption began, so they watched news reports and aerial video as lava blasted from the ground near their home. A friend called one day to tell them the lava was headed directly toward their house.

The red-hot fluid oozed onto their property and stopped about 20 feet (6 meters) from the home. Theirs is now the last house on the street.

“We just feel really fortunate that our home wasn’t taken,” Mark Bishop said. “All of our neighbors to the north of us are all gone for like a mile-and-a-half wide.”

Debris from the nearby eruption infiltrated the Bishops’ home and caused extensive damage, but the couple has begun to replace furniture and appliances and recently moved back in.

“Our plans are to stay here, keep working on the home and do the repairs as necessary, and just try to get back on to a normal life again,” Mark Bishop said.

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TOXIC GASES

Mark Figley bought his four-bedroom Leilani Estates home in 2016. A retired engineer who moved to Hawaii from Alaska, he envisioned spending his golden years working in his woodshop and fixing up old cars.

Now, he said, the large craftsman-style home with vaulted ceilings and meticulously designed details is a complete loss — even though it was spared when the lava stopped in the front yard.

Gases and debris from a string of eruptions across the street did extensive damage to his home. But that’s not the reason he had to buy a new house while continuing to pay the $500,000 mortgage on his now-empty dream home.

“The main reason I can’t live here is because of air quality,” he said.

The prevailing winds bring the volcanic gases toward his Leilani Estates house, which sits in a small valley where the fumes accumulate and build up in his home.

“If I’m in there for 15 minutes, I will have a bad headache,” Figley said. “It’s not a livable circumstance for me.”

So, for now, the home on the edge of a lava flow remains vacant as Figley settles into his new Big Island home, a little farther from Kilauea volcano.

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Follow Associated Press correspondent Caleb Jones on Instagram and Twitter: @CalebAP

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