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Insider Q&A: Facebook VP of Messenger discusses privacy

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Government officials worry about Facebook’s plans to extend end-to-end encryption to Messenger

SAN FRANCISCO —
At Facebook, Stan Chudnovsky oversees the Messenger chat app that’s used by well over 1 billion people each month. He’s playing a key role in helping Facebook integrate that app with its other chat tools, WhatsApp and Instagram Direct.

The massive project has already gotten pushback from regulators worried about Facebook’s size and power. Government officials also worry about Facebook’s plans to extend end-to-end encryption to Messenger. Once that happens, Facebook wouldn’t be able to respond to law enforcement subpoenas because it wouldn’t have a way to unscramble messages.

Chudnovsky, who moved to the U.S. from Russia in 1994, joined Facebook in 2015. He spoke with The Associated Press recently about his work and views on privacy. Questions and answers have been edited for length and clarity.

Q: What are the biggest roadblocks in bringing end-to-end encryption?

A: It’s technologically hard to move from the system that is alive and functioning and has billions of messages being sent every day to where it’s done completely differently architecturally. We also need to figure out how to do as much as we can on safety, while being the leaders on privacy. We are trying to go through that process slowly and very responsibly while talking to everyone.

Most messages in the U.S., where (Apple’s) iMessage is leading, are already end-to-end encrypted. We want to make sure that we get to the point when we lead very strongly and we do as much on safety as we possibly can given the constraints of end-to-end encryption.

Q: How do you ensure that people are safe when you can’t see bad things people are doing?

A: We are going to continue to work very closely with law enforcement on whatever we can provide. We also have connectivity to social networks. Whoever is a bad player on social networks, we will be able to see if those bad players exist on messaging services.

I don’t want to go into details on how we are thinking about approaching that stuff. But we’re just going to invest heavily in identifying threats earlier,

Q: You can send things in a private message that you can’t post on Facebook, right?

A: Definitely. You should be able to send whatever you want to send in a private message.

Q: What if it’s illegal or hurting someone?

A: Generally we believe that conversation between people should be private. We don’t make a difference between the conversations that are happening in the living room or on the phone and conversations that are happening in a private chat.

Q: What if you try to sell a gun, despite Facebook’s ban?

A: If you’re trying to sell a gun, you are probably trying to sell a gun to many people. When someone reports that and someone provides the messages that from the point of that person are illegal, then definitely we will be able to look at that.

Q: What are the biggest things that you have to figure out before interoperability becomes reality?

A: Generally, just a features compatibility in the sense that, if I “like” some message on one app, how does it manifest itself in another? Or will I be able to also call people, not only send messages?

Q: Do you think scrutiny of Facebook will ease any time soon?

A: We have a lot of responsibility. And the criticism, sometimes it’s accurate. Sometimes it’s not accurate. At the end of the day, what it means if everyone’s talking about you positively or negatively or both, is that you’re important. We just need to continue to deliver value to people. And as long as we are building products that people like. I think it’s going to be fine.

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Focus turns to Latino authors amid ‘American Dirt’ debate

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Latino activists say they hope the controversy around the novel “American Dirt” brings more attention to recent and overlooked works by Latino writers

ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. —
When Oprah Winfrey endorsed the novel “American Dirt” for her book club last month, many Latinos took to social media to decry the selection for its stereotypes and caricatures.

The novel about a Mexican mother and her young son fleeing to the U.S. border had been praised widely before its Jan. 21 release. But anger built over “American Dirt” by Jeanine Cummins — a writer who primarily identifies as white — and Latinos shared reading lists and pointed to recent work that went overlooked, offering “alternative” options for those who wanted to read about the Latino experience in the United States.

Across the U.S., Latino writers say they are seeing a jump in sales of those works following social media campaigns to draw more attention to Latino literature as big New York publishers face criticism for ignoring the work or not promoting it enough.

Nicolas Kanellos, founder and publisher of Houston-based Arte Publico Press, the largest publisher of Hispanic literature in the U.S., said he noticed last month some of his books by immigrant writers selling out.

“I’m not on Twitter but my staff told me some of our books were appearing on these lists as suggestions,” Kanellos said. “They are gone now.”

Journalist and novelist Luis Alberto Urrea, who Cummings cited as an influence, reported seeing sales of his early 2019 novel “The House of Broken Angels” jump to his surprise. It was one of the books mentioned on social media.

“Thank you. #14 on the LA Times bestseller list. Again,” Urrea wrote on Facebook. “Big Angel keeps coming back.”

Wendy C. Ortiz’s memoir “Excavation” in California’s San Fernando Valley also sold out on Amazon.

Others suggested readers buy the novel “Dominicana” by New York-born Angie Cruz and El Paso-born Sergio Troncoso’s short story collection, “A Peculiar Kind of Immigrant Son” — works released last year.

PEN-award winner and Fresno, California-born writer Daniel Chacón’s “Kafka in a Skirt: Stories from the Wall” also was recommended as a work to understand life on the borderlands. The collection was sought out as comfort following the August 2019 killing of 22 people in a shooting that targeted Mexicans in El Paso, Texas.

In addition, Latino advocates told followers to look out for new work from memoirist and essayist Luis J. Rodriguez, who released on last month, “From Our Land to Our Land: Essays, Journeys and Imaginings From a Native Xicanx Writer.”

“I’ve seen interest in my new book. Yeah, people are asking about it,” said Matt Sedillo, a Los Angeles-based poet and author of “Mowing Leaves of Grass.” He’s also getting more offers to visit colleges to read his work.

Myriam Gurba, a Long Beach, California-based writer who has been a vocal critic of Cummins, said she saw “no silver lining” in the controversy of “American Dirt.” She said readers should have been picking up books by Latinos writers anyway.

Gurba and a group of other Latino writers called #DignidadLiteraria met with publisher Macmillan (Flatiron Books, which published “American Dirt,” is a division of Macmillan) this week to demand the publisher hire more Latino staff.

Domingo Garcia, national president of the Latino civil rights group the League of United Latin American Citizens, said he didn’t have a problem with non-Latinos writing about immigration. “But it’s important to have a conversation with publishers about who is getting published and the lack of Latinos in the industry,” he said.

In New Mexico, the state with the largest percentage of Hispanic residents, the conversation shifted this week from “American Dirt” to Levi Romero. The bilingual Spanish-English poet was named as the state’s inaugural poet laureate. He will document his travels around the state to promote poetry through a web journal and podcast.

Santiago Vaquera-Vásquez, an Albuquerque-based writer and author of “One Day I’ll Tell You the Things I’ve Seen,” said he’s happy Latino works are getting recognized but he hopes the interests doesn’t die down. “Let’s not be angry for two weeks and forget about it,” Vaquera-Vásquez said. “Let’s be angry for months.”

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Russell Contreras is a member of The Associated Press’ race and ethnicity team. Follow him on Twitter at http://twitter.com/russcontreras



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Shanghai government to help Tesla resume production amid coronavirus epidemic

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FILE PICTURE: Tesla China-made Model 3 vehicles are seen during a delivery event at its factory in Shanghai, China Jan. 7, 2020. REUTERS/Aly Song/File Photo

SHANGHAI (Reuters) – U.S. electric carmaker Tesla’s (TSLA.O) factory in China’s financial hub of Shanghai will resume production on Feb. 10 with assistance to help it cope with a spreading epidemic of coronavirus, a Shanghai government official said on Saturday.

Many factories across China shut in late January for the Lunar New Year holiday that was originally due to end on Jan. 30 but which was extended in a bid to contain the spread of the new flu-like virus that has killed more than 700 people.

Tesla warned on Jan. 30 that it would see a 1-1.5 week delay in the ramp-up of Shanghai-built Model 3 cars as a result of the epidemic, which has severely disrupted communications and supply chains across China.

Tesla Vice President Tao Lin said this week that production would restart on Feb. 10.

“In view of the practical difficulties key manufacturing firms including Tesla have faced in resuming production, we will coordinate to make all efforts to help companies resume production as soon as possible,” Shanghai municipal government spokesman Xu Wei said.

The $2 billion Shanghai factory is Tesla’s first outside the United States and was built with support from local authorities. It started production in October and began deliveries last month.

The Shanghai government also said on Saturday it would ask banks to extend loans with preferential rates to small companies and exempt firms in hard-hit sectors like hospitality from value-added tax, among other measures to prop up businesses during the epidemic.

Such assistance would also apply to foreign companies, it added.

Reporting by Brenda Goh and Samuel Shen; Editing by Kenneth Maxwell and Stephen Coates

Our Standards:The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

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Exclusive: iPhone app makers questioned in U.S. antitrust probe of Apple – sources

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WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The U.S. Justice Department has reached out to app developers as part of its investigation into Apple Inc (AAPL.O), one of the four big tech companies being probed for alleged anti-competitive behavior, according one of the developers and another person familiar with the investigation.

FILE PHOTO: An Apple logo hangs above the entrance to the Apple store on 5th Avenue in the Manhattan borough of New York City, July 21, 2015. REUTERS/Mike Segar/File Photo

The chief executive of developer Mobicip, Suren Ramasubbu, told Reuters he was interviewed in November by a U.S. investigator who asked about the company’s interactions with Apple. The app, which has nearly a million users worldwide, allows parents to control what their children see on their iPhones.

Ramasubbu said the Mobicip app was temporarily removed from the iPhone app store last year for a failure to meet requirements imposed by Apple.

A source familiar with the Justice Department’s investigation said a handful of app developers had been contacted in what is the first indication of what officials are pursuing involving Apple since the investigation was revealed by Reuters in June.

U.S. President Donald Trump has criticized Apple’s Silicon Valley neighbors for other reasons, calling for closer scrutiny of social media companies and Google and accusing them of suppressing conservative voices online, without presenting any evidence.

U.S. Attorney General William Barr said in December that he hoped to have the Justice Department investigations into the big tech platforms – Facebook Inc (FB.O), Alphabet Inc’s (GOOGL.O) Google, Amazon.com Inc (AMZN.O) and Apple – wrapped up this year.

Apple declined comment, but pointed to a statement on its website that says its app store was designed to hold apps “to a high standard for privacy, security and content.”

“Since 2016, we have removed over 1.4 million apps from the App Store because they have not been updated or don’t work on our most current operating systems,” the site says.

Apple’s ability to do just that has been a point of contention in the courtroom. The company was accused in lawsuits last year of abusing its clout in the app market. In one case, the U.S. Supreme Court gave the go-ahead last May to an antitrust lawsuit that accused Apple of forcing consumers to overpay for iPhone software applications.

SCREEN TIME CONTROL

Apple introduced its Screen Time app, which includes parental controls, in June 2018. At the start of 2019, Ramasubbu told Reuters, his company was contacted by Apple and warned that Mobicip’s app violated the iPhone-maker’s rules relating to technical elements that had previously been acceptable.

The app was removed from the app store for about six months, during which time it was updated to be compliant with Apple rules, Ramasubbu said. It was reinstated in October 2019, but he estimates his company’s business has shrunk by half.

Six executives of parental control app companies interviewed by Reuters said they had a comfortable relationship with Apple until mid-2018. That is when Apple introduced its own, similar software giving parents oversight of their children’s phone screen time and searches.

Apple has said that it had been concerned about parental control apps using technology which gave developers access to sensitive data, and that they declined to approve apps that used the technology if they did not also commit to not sharing data on children.

As the arbiter of who is allowed to sell in the app store, Apple says it has the power to ensure that only the highest quality apps are sold there.

But some developers say it also allows Apple to push out apps that compete with its own products, thus strengthening its profits at a time with its device sales have stagnated and it is seeking new sources of revenue.

Reporting by Diane Bartz; Editing by Chris Sanders and Edward Tobin

Our Standards:The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

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Fb, Instagram down worldwide – Expertise Information



New Delhi, Mar 14 (ANI): Fb and Instagram on Wednesday suffered a serious world outage as folks utilizing these social media networks had been unable to entry it on their telephones or desktop. It has additionally been reported that Fb’s messenger additionally went down together with Fb-owned photograph app Instagram.
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Cara Mengembalikan (Banding) Akun Twitter yang Suspended



Jika anda mengalami kendali log in ke twitter dimana akun twitter suspended atau ditangguhkan, anda bisa mendapatkan kembali akun tersebut. Cara mengembalikan akun twitter yang kena droop ini melalui cara banding. Ini tentunya anda harus memastikan bahwasanya akun twitter anda tidak melanggar kebijakan TOS dari Twitter. Pada video di atas bisa anda lihat tutorial dan langkah mengajukan banding untuk akun twitter yang droop.

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PayPal drops out of Libra, Fb’s funds mission

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PayPal has pulled out of Fb’s digital forex mission, often called Libra, a blow to the social media firm that has confronted stronger-than-expected scrutiny over its proposed creation of another funds system.

The digital funds firm mentioned Friday it’s withdrawing from the Libra Affiliation so it will probably give attention to its current companies.

“Fb has been a longstanding and valued strategic associate to PayPal, and we are going to proceed to associate with and help Fb in numerous capacities,” PayPal mentioned.

Fb has introduced Libra as a forex that might be used for digital funds, notably exterior the U.S. It could be backed by actual forex, in contrast to different digital currencies like Bitcoin or Etherium.

The Libra Affiliation, primarily based in Switzerland, was supposed to offer the forex mission a cushty arm’s size distance from Fb, which would not personal Libra.

Regardless of Fb’s efforts, monetary regulators in addition to members of Congress have questioned the corporate’s motives for creating a brand new digital forex, notably in mild of criticisms that Fb’s enterprise mannequin is just too invasive of its customers’ privateness.

Rep. Maxine Waters, the chairwoman of the Home Monetary Providers Committee, has demanded Fb founder Mark Zuckerberg testify in entrance of her committee earlier than Libra is rolled out. Together with privateness issues, Waters’ has cited the potential for Libra for use in cash laundering and different monetary crimes.

Republicans and Democrats and even President Donald Trump have known as for in numerous levels for Fb to be topic to U.S. banking legal guidelines — an arduous, sophisticated prospect — if the social media firm does transfer ahead with the Libra mission. In response, Fb has reportedly employed a number of outstanding Washington lobbyists to persuade politicians to offer their approval to Libra.

PayPal Holdings Inc., which is predicated in San Jose, California, is the primary firm to publicly finish its partnership with Libra, however different firms have been reportedly having second ideas. The Wall Road Journal reported this week that Mastercard and Visa, the world’s largest fee suppliers, have been contemplating ending their Libra relationships.

The Libra Affiliation mentioned it plans to proceed to maneuver ahead with the mission with out PayPal.

“Constructing (Libra) is a journey, not a vacation spot … every group that began this journey should make its personal evaluation of dangers and rewards of being dedicated to seeing by way of the change that Libra guarantees,” mentioned Dante Disparte, head of coverage and communications for the Libra Affiliation.

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Senate tech critic to Fb CEO: Promote WhatsApp, Instagram

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As Fb CEO Mark Zuckerberg met Thursday with President Donald Trump and different critics of the tech business, the Senate’s most vocal detractor supplied a problem: Promote your WhatsApp and Instagram properties to show you are severe about defending knowledge privateness.

It might have been greater than Zuckerberg anticipated from his personal assembly with Sen. Josh Hawley, a conservative Republican from Missouri, in his Capitol Hill workplace. Zuckerberg left the hourlong assembly — one in all a number of with lawmakers on Capitol Hill — with out answering questions from a throng of reporters and photographers pursuing him down a hallway.

Hawley, although, had loads to say. “The corporate talks so much. I would wish to see some motion,” he advised reporters. “I’ll imagine Fb once I see some actual motion out of Fb.”

Reasonably than shifting customers’ private knowledge from properties similar to WhatsApp and Instagram to the core Fb platform, the corporate ought to put a wall across the companies or, higher but, promote them off, Hawley stated he advised Zuckerberg.

Zuckerberg, who requested the assembly, “didn’t suppose that was an excellent concept,” he stated.

Zuckerberg “had , constructive assembly with President Trump on the White Home in the present day,” a Fb spokesman stated. On Fb and Twitter, Trump posted a photograph with the caption, “Good assembly with Mark Zuckerberg of Fb within the Oval Workplace in the present day.”

No particulars got on the assembly, first reported by the Axios web site.

Trump has persistently criticized social media firms like Fb, Google, Amazon and his platform of selection, Twitter, embracing conservative critics’ accusations that they censor non secular, anti-abortion and politically conservative views. Trump has claimed, with out proof, that the businesses are “in opposition to me” and even prompt U.S. regulators ought to sue them on grounds of anti-conservative bias.

A Fb spokesman declined to touch upon Hawley’s remarks regarding his assembly with Zuckerberg.

The favored companies WhatsApp and Instagram are amongst some 70 firms that Fb has acquired over the previous 15 years or so, giving it what critics say is very large market energy that has allowed it to snuff out competitors.

Zuckerberg’s dialogue with Hawley touched on business competitors, knowledge privateness laws, election safety and accusations by conservatives that Fb and different social media giants are biased in opposition to right-leaning content material.

Throughout his go to, Zuckerberg additionally met with different senators together with Mark Warner, D-Va., vice chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee, Mike Lee, R-Utah, a senior member of the Judiciary Committee, and John Cornyn, R-Texas, and Tom Cotton, R-Ark. He additionally declined to reply reporters’ questions when he left Lee’s workplace earlier within the afternoon.

Lee’s workplace stated the 2 mentioned bias in opposition to conservatives on Fb’s platform, regulation of on-line companies, enforcement of antitrust legal guidelines within the tech business and knowledge privateness points.

Congress has been debating a privateness regulation that might sharply rein within the capacity of firms like Fb, Google, Amazon and Apple to gather and earn a living off customers’ private knowledge. A nationwide regulation, which might be the primary of its type within the U.S., may enable individuals to see or prohibit use of their knowledge.

Performing preemptively, Zuckerberg final spring referred to as for tighter rules to guard shoppers’ knowledge, management dangerous on-line content material and guarantee election integrity and knowledge portability. The web “wants new guidelines,” he stated.

It was Zuckerberg’s first public go to to Washington since he testified earlier than Congress final spring about privateness, election interference and different points.

Fb, a social media large primarily based in Menlo Park, California, with almost 2.5 billion customers, is underneath heavy scrutiny from lawmakers and regulators following a collection of privateness scandals and amid accusations of abuse of its market energy to squash competitors.

The Justice Division, the Federal Commerce Fee and the Home Judiciary antitrust subcommittee are all conducting antitrust investigations of the large tech firms, and a bipartisan group of state attorneys common has opened a contest probe particularly of Fb.

At Fb’s request, Warner helped manage a dinner assembly in Washington on Wednesday evening for Zuckerberg and a bunch of senators.

Warner advised The Related Press he wished Zuckerberg to listen to his Senate colleagues’ “monumental issues about privateness and about defending the integrity of our political system.”

Their message for the Fb chief was “self-regulation is just not going to be the reply,” Warner stated. “I believe Zuckerberg understood that.”

Warner and Hawley have proposed laws that might power the tech giants to inform customers what knowledge they’re accumulating and the way a lot it is value. The proposal goes to the center of Massive Tech’s massively worthwhile enterprise mannequin of commerce in customers’ private knowledge. The businesses collect huge knowledge on what customers learn and like, and leverage it to assist advertisers goal their messages to people they wish to attain.

The tech firms view with explicit alarm a separate legislative proposal from Hawley that might require them to show to regulators that they are not utilizing political bias to filter content material. Failing to safe a bias-free audit from the federal government would imply a social media platform loses its long-held immunity from authorized motion.

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Fb expands new device aiming to shrink ‘information deserts’

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Fb is making an attempt to coax “information deserts” into bloom with the second main enlargement of a device that exposes individuals to extra native information and knowledge. However the social community confesses that it nonetheless has so much to study.

The social media large mentioned Thursday it’s increasing its “At the moment In” service to six,000 cities and cities throughout the U.S., up from 400 earlier than.

Launched in early 2018, the service lets Fb customers decide into native info, together with information articles, missing-person alerts, native election outcomes, highway closures and crime experiences. Fb aggregates posts from the official Fb pages for information organizations, colleges, authorities businesses and neighborhood teams like canine shelters.

The mobile-only device lives inside the Fb app; turning it on provides native updates to a person’s common information feed. In areas with scant native information, Fb will add related articles from surrounding areas.

Some 1,800 newspapers have closed in the USA over the previous 15 years, in keeping with analysis from the College of North Carolina. Newsroom employment has declined by 45% because the trade struggles with a damaged enterprise mannequin partly brought on by the success of corporations on the web, together with Fb.

Campbell Brown, head of world information partnerships at Fb, mentioned Fb has a duty to help journalism, whereas additionally noting that the media trade has been in decline “for a really very long time.” Brown, a former information anchor and host at NBC and CNN, mentioned native reporting stays a very powerful type of journalism at present.

“There isn’t a silver bullet,” Brown mentioned in an interview. “We actually wish to assist publishers deal with challenges in native markets.”

Warren St. John, CEO of hyperlocal information service Patch, mentioned the service means potential new readers as a result of it goes to individuals who have not essentially preferred a Patch Fb web page.

“Fb has taken its lumps, maybe rightly so during the last couple of years, however I believe what they’ve carried out round native information is fairly distinctive,” he mentioned. This consists of grants and accelerator applications for native information organizations, “passing the experience and information of a Silicon Valley tech agency all the way down to the native writer ecosystem.”

At the moment In will not robotically activate for individuals even within the areas it serves, which might restrict its attain. Up to now, Fb says, 1.6 million individuals have activated the function and obtain information from some 1,200 publishers each week.

The service has no human editors and makes use of software program filters to weed out objectionable content material. Tweaking the algorithm to search out related native tales has been difficult. Does a highway closure matter if it is 100 miles away? How a couple of homicide?

Already, Fb says it is realized from publishers’ enter about what does not work. As an illustration, it now permits solely posts from publishers registered with its “Information web page index,” which suggests they meet pointers resembling specializing in present occasions and knowledge, and haven’t got a document of publishing misinformation. Obituaries from funeral houses and actual property posts — each of which beforehand confirmed up below “information” — are not eligible.

Fb has additionally realized that native information does not work like nationwide information. Political tales, for example, do not generate loads of native curiosity.

Fb is not paying licensing charges or sharing advert income with these information retailers. However the firm says publishers get extra referrals to their web sites, extra so than when individuals see the identical tales of their common information feed, based mostly on knowledge from its check companions.

Whereas individuals scroll by means of their information feeds passively, individuals have interaction with articles extra once they seem in At the moment In, mentioned Jimmy O’Keefe, a product advertising supervisor at Fb.

Google additionally introduced adjustments to its information service Thursday, saying it will barely alter its search system so unique information tales on a subject present up earlier than follow-ups or repeated information from different publications. Much like Fb, the corporate has been engaged on exhibiting information articles from authoritative, confirmed publications.

Outdoors researchers finding out native information knowledge offered by Fb discovered that about half of the information tales within the At the moment In function met what they referred to as a “vital info want” within the communities it served.

The researchers mentioned Fb customers interacted essentially the most with tales serving a vital want — resembling info on emergencies, transportation and well being — although “non-critical” tales resembling sports activities had been extra quite a few. The researchers — Matthew Weber on the College of Minnesota and Peter Andringa and Philip Napoli at Duke College — obtained no funding from Fb.

Massive metro areas resembling New York Metropolis, Los Angeles and San Francisco are nonetheless excluded from At the moment In. The abundance of reports and inhabitants density there makes it tougher to offer related native info. A giant native story in Brooklyn, for example, is perhaps irrelevant in the identical borough only a few miles away.

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