SEOUL — Samsung Electronics is now sourcing a vital chipmaking chemical from Belgium as Japan’s restrictions on exports to South Korea depart the conglomerate going through a “disaster,” a supply has informed the Nikkei Asian Evaluation.
The smartphone and chip making large has been scrambling to safe provides of three compounds — photoresist, hydrogen fluoride etching fuel and fluorinated polyimides — which were topic to export restrictions from Japan since July.
Till now, Samsung’s efforts had appeared to give attention to different suppliers in Asia.
Park Jae-keun, a professor of semiconductor engineering at Hanyang College, says that Samsung is sourcing excessive ultraviolet photoresist from a Belgium-based firm. In response to Park, Samsung has purchased six to 10 months’ value of the chemical, which is used to deposit circuit patterns onto silicon wafers in a cutting-edge chipmaking course of.
Park, a former govt at Samsung accountable for semiconductor supplies expertise, didn’t reveal the title of the Belgian provider, however analysts say that it’s doubtless EUV Resist Manufacturing & Qualification Heart, a three way partnership established in 2016 by Japanese materials firm JSR and IMEC, a Belgian analysis heart. The three way partnership is majority owned by JSR Micro, a Belgian subsidiary of JSR.
This view is in keeping with what a supply with data of JSR informed Nikkei in mid-July, after the Japanese authorities introduced the export curbs. “We’ll provide photoresist [to Samsung] by means of our three way partnership in Belgium,” the supply stated. “By becoming a member of fingers with IMEC, we are able to produce excessive ultraviolet photoresist there.”
“Merely supplying the photoresist [to South Korea] by means of current services in a 3rd nation must be authorized,” the supply stated. If transactions contain expertise transfers or funding in new manufacturing services in a 3rd nation, nonetheless, they may come below Tokyo’s scrutiny, this particular person added.
Park stated that as a result of Samsung has acquired recent provides of the chemical, “Japan’s export curbs have had a restricted influence, whereas Japanese firms’ gross sales are declining.”
Samsung declined to substantiate whether or not it’s sourcing supplies in Belgium, however stated that it’s diversifying its suppliers to deal with Japan’s export curbs.
The remark got here a day after the Japanese authorities permitted its first export of chipmaking supplies to South Korea below the tighter controls. The greenlighted cargo of resist is believed to return from Shin-Etsu Chemical. Samsung will use it in making processors for outdoor clients relatively than the South Korean firm’s personal gadgets.
Final month, a Samsung supply informed Nikkei that it’s testing hydrogen fluoride etching fuel from firms outdoors Japan as Tokyo’s tightened export controls threat slicing off the very important chipmaking provide to South Korea producers.
In an indication of how significantly South Korea’s largest conglomerate is taking the curbs, Samsung Electronics Vice Chairman Lee Jae-yong made a morale-boosting go to to the corporate’s semiconductor packaging manufacturing facility in Asan, south of Seoul, final Tuesday. The de facto chief of the group donned a white, full-body cleansuit to tour the power, and joined staff for lunch within the firm cafeteria.
“Be alert, however don’t be afraid. Allow us to overcome this disaster,” Lee stated in a gathering with key executives. “Allow us to be ready to have a greater future by creating new alternatives.”
Because the commerce spat escalates — Japan not too long ago eliminated South Korea from its checklist of most popular commerce companions — the dangers for Samsung might likewise develop.
The corporate is nervous that the difficulty going through its semiconductor enterprise will unfold to its smartphone operations, which additionally depend on Japanese elements. Samsung Electronics CEO Koh Dong-jin, accountable for the corporate’s cell enterprise, stated that if Japan’s restrictions proceed, the corporate’s smartphone enterprise may begin to endure after three to 4 months.
“We can not say that there is no such thing as a downside in smartphones,” Koh stated at a information convention in New York on Wednesday after releasing its Galaxy Be aware 10 mannequin. “We now have three to 4 months’ [worth of parts], however it may be very tough if it goes past that interval.”
The commerce dispute comes as Samsung grapples with poor earnings. Working revenue fell 56% to six.6 trillion gained ($5.6 billion) in the second quarter from a yr in the past, largely attributable to falling chip costs and sluggish smartphone gross sales.
Samsung is just not the one South Korean firm taking measures to take care of the export controls.
SK Hynix, the world’s second-largest maker of direct random entry reminiscence chips, stated it’s stockpiling as a lot as attainable of the supplies topic to Japan’s export curbs. The corporate stated in a convention name final month that it’s diversifying distributors in addition to minimizing enter volumes to make manufacturing as easy as attainable.
SK Hynix CEO Lee Seok-hee and President Kim Dong-seob visited Japan final month to fulfill the corporate’s suppliers and talk about tips on how to take care of the restrictions. Chey Tae-won, chairman of dad or mum conglomerate SK Group, stated that he’s keen to go to Japan, too, if wanted.
Japanese suppliers are additionally looking for methods to keep away from the export curbs, comparable to by supplying their merchandise by means of a 3rd nation.
Morita Chemical Industries will start producing ultrapure hydrogen fluoride in China through a three way partnership this yr, with an eye fixed towards supplying it to Chinese language chipmakers and Samsung fabrication services within the nation. It’s going to additionally ship the fuel to South Korea if demand warrants.
“If related issues come up between Japan and South Korea sooner or later, we are able to ship to South Korea from China as an alternative of Japan,” CEO Yasuo Morita stated.
Samsung Show, in the meantime, stated it has launched a job pressure to take care of the Japanese export curbs. “We’re watching the state of affairs very fastidiously,” an organization spokesperson stated.
Whereas chip trade gamers are preserving an in depth eye on the developments, politicians in South Korea seem much less involved about inflaming anti-Japanese sentiment.
Kim Min-seok, vice chairman of the ruling Democratic Social gathering’s particular committee on Japan’s “financial invasion,” advised boycotting the Tokyo Olympic Video games subsequent yr, citing questions over Japan’s administration of radiation ranges on the ruined Fukushima nuclear plant.
“The Pandora’s field is open. Our individuals’s boycott of Japanese merchandise will unfold to the Tokyo Olympics,” Kim stated in a discussion board in Seoul on Thursday.
The previous two-term lawmaker added that the dispute between the 2 nations can’t be resolved till Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe resigns, accusing him of going “Hitler’s approach.”