Forums

العودة   Forums > مواضيع منقولة من مواقع اخرى

إضافة رد
 
أدوات الموضوع انواع عرض الموضوع
  #1  
قديم 10-02-2012, 08:07 PM
rss rss غير متواجد حالياً
Senior Member
 
تاريخ التسجيل: Sep 2012
المشاركات: 721,755
افتراضي طلب مساعدة

طلب مساعدة
السلام عليكم:
أريد شرح باللغة العربية للتالي :
Bulimia nervosa
Definition:
Bulimia nervosa is characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating and a feeling of lack of control over eating behavior during these episodes, with associated inappropriate methods to prevent weight gain, including self-induced vomiting, excessive use of laxatives, diuretics, fasting, or excessive exercise. These episodes occur at least twice per week for 3 months. Self-image is significantly influenced by body weight and shape.

 Signs and symptoms:
• The course of the disease may be chronic or intermittent during many years.
• Weight is usually maintained within **rmal range or may be significantly elevated or decreased.
• Binge eating may be followed by inappropriate compensatory mechanisms, including self-induced vomiting, self-induced diarrhea through the use of laxatives or cathartics, the use of diuretics, excessive fasting, and excessive exercise.
• Physical signs may include calluses or skin changes on hands and fingers, loss of dental enamel, swollen lymph
**des, and bad breath or mouthwash smell on breath because of self-induced vomiting.
• Endocrine changes, such as ame**rrhea, may be present.


Medical complication:
• Fluid and electrolyte disturbances, particularly hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis, and associated cardiac dysrhythmias.
• Obesity or a**rexia nervosa.
• Dental erosion.
• Esophageal tear or gastric rupture.
Natural history:
• Bulimia typically begins in adolescence or young adulthood in individuals consciously trying to stay slim. Some report a history of A**rexia Nervosa and others report a history of obesity. The onset often follows changes in living situations such as leaving home, starting college, changing jobs, or becoming involved in new relationships.
Differential diag**sis:
• Serum chemistry for electrolytes, , and creatinine, and bicarbonate—may be ab**rmal, indicating fluid and electrolyte imbalances.
• Additional tests may include thyroid function tests , estrogen, and electrocardiogram to determine effects of bulimia on body.

جزاكم الله خير
رد مع اقتباس
إضافة رد

أدوات الموضوع
انواع عرض الموضوع

تعليمات المشاركة
لا تستطيع إضافة مواضيع جديدة
لا تستطيع الرد على المواضيع
لا تستطيع إرفاق ملفات
لا تستطيع تعديل مشاركاتك

BB code is متاحة
كود [IMG] متاحة
كود HTML معطلة

الانتقال السريع


الساعة الآن 10:44 PM

converter url html by fahad

 



Powered by vBulletin® Copyright ©2000 - 2020, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd. TranZ By Almuhajir
Adsense Management by Losha
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47