Page index
What is gestational diabetes
Causes of gestational diabetes
Complications of gestational diabetes
Prevention of gestational diabetes
are you pregnant? Do you suffer from gestational diabetes? What do you know about gestational diabetes? Who are most at risk of developing gestational diabetes? In this article, we will learn about gestational diabetes, the causes of gestational diabetes, complications of gestational diabetes for a pregnant woman, complications of gestational diabetes for the fetus, in addition to preventing gestational diabetes.
What is gestational diabetes?
Gestational diabetes, gestational diabetes, or gestational diabetes is known in English as (Gestational Diabetes). It is a condition in which blood sugar levels rise during pregnancy. Like other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes affects how your cells use sugar (glucose), and gestational diabetes causes an increase The level of blood sugar that can affect your pregnancy and the health of your fetus [1 and 2].
Watch also: Early pregnancy symptoms ... Their appearance and accuracy
Causes of gestational diabetes
Researchers do not yet know why some women develop gestational diabetes and others not, but it is often the pregnancy hormones produced by the placenta that stand behind your gestational diabetes. but how?
Hormones produced by the placenta cause sugar (glucose) to build up in the blood, and if your body cannot make enough insulin or stop using insulin as it should, your blood sugar levels will rise and you will develop gestational diabetes [1].
Factors that increase your risk of developing gestational diabetes
If you are pregnant, your risk of developing gestational diabetes increases in the following cases [1 and 2]:
Overweight and obesity. Lack of physical activity. You previously suffered from gestational diabetes. Pre-diabetes: that is, you have blood sugar levels that are higher than normal but not high enough to cause diabetes. Polycystic ovary syndrome. If a member of your immediate family has diabetes. You suffer from high blood pressure or other medical complications. She had previously given birth to a big baby: that is, weighing more than 9 pounds, that is, weighing more than 4.08 kilograms. Previously, you had a baby who had died or had some birth defects. You are over 25 years old.
Complications of gestational diabetes
The complications of gestational diabetes are not limited to you, but also affect your fetus, and in the following we will learn about the complications of gestational diabetes for you and your fetus.
Gestational diabetes complications for your unborn child
If you suffer from gestational diabetes, it may cause serious complications for your unborn child, and these complications are [2]:
Excess weight at birth: If you are pregnant and suffer from gestational diabetes, this will lead to an increase in the weight of the fetus in your guts to 9 pounds or more (equivalent to 4.08 kilograms) and they are more likely to be injured in the birth canal or birth injuries or you may have to undergo a cesarean delivery. Preterm birth (preterm birth): Your risk of gestational diabetes may increase the risk of premature labor and premature labor, or your doctor may advise you to give birth early because the fetus weighs too much. Severe breathing difficulties: If you suffer from gestational diabetes and give birth to your baby prematurely, he may suffer from respiratory distress syndrome - a condition that makes your baby's breathing difficult. Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia): If you suffer from gestational diabetes and give birth to your baby, he may suffer from low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) shortly after birth. Severe hypoglycemia attacks may cause epileptic seizures. Child. Obesity and type 2 diabetes later in life: If you have gestational diabetes and give birth to your baby, he may be more likely to develop obesity and type 2 diabetes later in life. Stillbirth: Untreated gestational diabetes can lead to the death of the baby either before or shortly after birth.
Complications of gestational diabetes for a pregnant woman
If you suffer from gestational diabetes or gestational diabetes, it may cause you the following complications [2]:
High blood pressure and preeclampsia: Gestational diabetes increases the risk of developing high blood pressure, as does pre-eclampsia - a serious complication of pregnancy that causes high blood pressure and other symptoms that can threaten your life and the life of your fetus. Surgery (cesarean section): You're more likely to give birth by caesarean section if you have gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes: If you suffer from gestational diabetes, you are more likely to get it again if you get pregnant again, and you also become more susceptible to developing type 2 diabetes as you age.
Prevention of gestational diabetes
If you are pregnant and fear gestational diabetes or gestational diabetes, you can protect yourself from developing gestational diabetes by following the following tips [2]:
Eat healthy foods: If you want to protect yourself from developing gestational diabetes, you should follow a healthy diet, and eat foods rich in fiber and low in fat and calories. Focus on eating fruits, vegetables and whole grains, and make sure to diversify your diet so that you take all the necessary nutrients for you and your baby. Stay active: You can exercise before and during pregnancy, and this protects you from developing gestational diabetes. Exercise for 30 minutes most days of the week, such as: brisk walking, cycling, swimming, yoga and others. Maintain a healthy weight: If you are planning to become pregnant without developing gestational diabetes, then you should lose the extra weight and reach the ideal weight. Focus on making permanent changes in your eating habits that can help you during pregnancy, such as eating more vegetables and fruits. Do not gain more weight than recommended during pregnancy: Gaining some weight during pregnancy is normal and healthy, but gaining a lot of weight very quickly can increase the risk of developing gestational diabetes, ask your doctor about a reasonable amount of weight gain for you.
Watch also: Treatment for preeclampsia and its symptoms
Gestational diabetes is a disease that you may suffer from during pregnancy. You can protect yourself from contracting this disease by following the advice that we have provided in this article, and remember that pregnancy diabetes has complications and negative consequences on your health and the health of your fetus, so "an ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure."